The traditional healer – also known as herbalist – is a well known practice in African societies and so in Karamoja. The knowledge of medicinal plants is passed on for generations and used for curing diseases and conditions of humans and animals among pastoral communities.
The common diseases and conditions include malaria, cough, headache, diarrhea, abdominal pain, flu, backache and eye diseases. The Karamjong traditional healers have knowledge to treat about 80 ailments using herbal medicines. The most frequently used part in herbal medicines is the leaf, followed by the stem and root. People sometime use animal parts, soil, salt and water from a grass roof, in traditional medicines.